• European Colonization and Exploration Unit Vocabulary

    1. Economic: How goods and services are produced, sold, and bought in a country or region.
    2. Social: Relating to people or society in general; the interaction of the individual and the group, or the welfare of human beings as members of society.
    3. Political: the conduct of government.
    4. Environmental: Relating to the setting or physical environment of a place/time/event.
    5. Agriculture: The practice of cultivating the soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
    6. Assembly: A group of people elected to make laws or decisions for a country or region.
    7. Charter: A written constitution by a government.
    8. Colonization: Coming to live permanently in a foreign country.
    9. Doctrine: Rules enforced by a church.
    10. Exploration: Traveling through an unfamiliar.
    11. Immigration: A group of people who leave their native country to form in a new land a settlement.
    12. Legislature: The group or organization in a country that makes the laws or rules for citizens.
    13. Manufacturing: The making of goods by manual labor or machinery.
    14. Mercantilism: A system based on the benefits of profitable trading. (Mother country get all the money)
    15. Natural Resources: Materials or substances such as minerals, forests, water, and fertile land that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain.
    16. Plantation: A large area of land where crops (such as cotton) are grown.
    17. Profit/Profitability: Financial or economic gain.
    18. Raw Materials: The basic material that comes from the earth.
    19. Regions: A part of a country, of the world, etc., that is different or separate from other parts.
    20. Religious Freedom: The ability to worship how citizens please.
    21. Religious Persecution: The punishment of citizens for their religious beliefs.
    22. Religious Tolerance: Allowing citizens to be represented through their diverse religious beliefs without persecution.
    23. Representative Government: A form of government in which a person represents others; citizens elect their leaders.
    24. Revival: A period of renewed religious interest. 
    25. Salutary Neglect: The King of England ignored the smuggling of goods by English colonists. ( Let them do what they want)
    26. Self-Government: The people govern themselves.
    27. Social Contract: An agreement among members of society on what rules or laws to follow.
    28. Tolerance: A willingness to accept feelings, habits, or beliefs that are different from your own.
    29. Trans-Atlantic: An act of going across the Atlantic Ocean; involving people or countries on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean.
    30. Latitude- the distance of a place north or south of the Earths equator.
    31. Longitude- the distance of a place east or west of the prime meridian.