There is no one single test for dyslexia. Rather, we look for both weaknesses in specific areas as well as strengths in other areas.
Dyslexia can be thought of as a weakness in fluent and effortless decoding, surrounded by a sea of strengths such as reasoning, comprehension, critical thinking, general knowledge, vocabulary, and problem solving skills.
Typically, dyslexia testing involves collecting data on:
- a student's ability to read both real and nonsense words in isolation
- reading rate and accuracy (fluency)
- reading comprehension
- listening comprehension
- phonological awareness
- phonological auditory memory
- rapid naming skills
- vocabulary and word meanings
- general cognitive ability
- vision/hearing screening
- teacher/report cards/progress reports
- parent information